Each individual is unique and different types of therapy are more effective with different people and each person’s unique circumstances. The following are some of the different therapeutic modalities that I work with clients.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a problem-specific, goal-oriented therapeutic approach. It focuses on people’s present-day challenges, thoughts, and behaviors. CBT works on the basis that the way we think and interpret life’s events affects how we behave and, ultimately, how we feel. Studies have shown that it is useful in many situations.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)

DBT focuses on providing therapeutic skills in four key areas. First, mindfulness which focuses on improving the ability to accept and be present in the current moment. Second, distress tolerance is geared toward increasing tolerance to negative emotion, rather than trying to escape from them. Third, emotion regulation covers strategies to manage and change intense emotions that are causing problems in life. Fourth, interpersonal effectiveness consists of techniques that allow people to communicate with others in a way that is assertive, maintains self-respect, and strengthens relationships.

Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR)

EMDR therapy is an interactive psychotherapy technique used to relieve psychological stress. It is an effective treatment for trauma and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Recalling distressing events is often less emotionally upsetting when your attention is diverted. EMDR allows you to be exposed to the memories or thoughts without having a strong psychological response. Over time, this technique is believed to lessen the impact that the memories or thoughts have on you. EMDR uses bilateral stimulation to desensitize and reprocess traumatic events and negative core beliefs.

Other modalities include:

Mindfulness based therapy, Positive Psychology, Play Therapy, Person Centered Therapy, Narrative Therapy, Forgiveness Therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Attachment- based, Internal Family Systems (IFS), Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT), Solution Focused Brief (SFTB) and Strength-Based.